The principle is similar to conventional heat pumps. The basis is a small gas engine and an industrial compressor which are connected to a coolant circuit together with an evaporator and a condenser. The unit delivers cold from the evaporator circuit and the heat released from the condenser, engine block and exhaust gases. In case of necessity, the unit can operate in pure heating mode, under favourable climatic conditions, it can „take“ the heat from the surroundings (increase of heat output).

ghp-principles

The gas engine burns the natural gas, heats itself up, generates exhaust gases and rotates the piston compressor. The combustion engine must, of course, be cooled, the heat can be taken away through the heat exchanger and used for heating or warming the non-potable water (NPW, 90°C). The produced exhaust gases also carry a considerable amount of usable energy. It can be used due to an additional condensing exhaust gas exchanger. The compressor generates, through its activity, different physical conditions at the inlet and outlet of the compressor – the whole compressor circuit is divided into 2 parts through work of expansion valve, the condenser side and the evaporator side. In the compressor circuit, the coolant circulates in gaseous or liquid state.

Coefficient of performance = ratio of energy output and input. Further information can be found in the section “Frequently Asked Questions“.

At the compressor displacement, the coolant is forced to condensate by increase of the pressure. Condensation of coolant vapors accompanied by heat release occurs in the condensator. Such heat can subsequently be used for example for heating (low-temperature heat, temperature around 50°C).The expansion valve located in front of the evaporator releases the pressure in the compressor suction circuit, ensures the injection of the coolant into the evaporator in which the coolant evaporates even at a relatively low temperature, thereby removing the heat from the surrounding (cooling the surrounding area). We use this part of the compressor circuit for cooling – we take the heat from the places where it is undesirabe or from where it has to be “moved” elsewhere through it.

When designing the TEDOM Polo 100 gas heat pump we came out of years of development, production and operation of CHP units. Owing to this fact, the servicing and maintenance of the engine part of a gas heat pump is similar to that of the TEDOM CHP units.

The compressor part in which the coolant circulates, was engineered directly by a producer of heat pumps and its maintenance is not much different from the maintenance of conventional heat pumps.

Energy Saving Principle

Look how the TEDOM GHP units can be used to save the costs for heat and cold (it’s a model example, the individual data may differ depending on specific conditions of application).

The picture depicts a comparison of the production of cold using an electrical chiller and TEDOM Gas Heat Pump. In both cases, we need 1.1 kWh of fuel to produce 1 kWh of cold. In addition to the cold, we will also obtain a low-potential heat that can be utilized but that is frequently wasted. However, the Gas Heat Pump will give us an extra 0.6 kWh of heat that would otherwise have to be produced in different manner. This heat therefore represents real saving wherever we need production of cold and heat.

 

CO2 Emissions Saving Principle


Under joint production of heat and cold via  GHP unit TEDOM  Polo 100 (when entire condenser heat is utilised),  up to 76 tons of CO2 emissions  can be during one thousand of operation hours compared with the separate heat and cold production. Even if the use of low potential heat is impossible, the CO2 emissions can be decreased by 16 tons.



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